Suicidal behaviour and ideation in Guyana: A systematic literature review Americas

The Guyana specific papers provided an emerging profile of those dying by suicide in Guyana as being male and Indo-Guyanese. Fifty-five percent of respondents to a survey sponsored by the United Nations reported experiencing intimate partner violence , and 38 percent experienced physical or sexual violence. More than one in ten had experienced physical or sexual violence from a male partner within 12 months of the survey. Although a «persistent belief» exists that Indo-Guyanese women are subjected to greater amount of violence (related to the cultural belief that Indo-Guyanese men are more controlling), the survey results indicated little statistical difference among ethnic groups. Intersectionality has been successful because it acknowledges the potential for “black” and other women of color not to remain on the margins by challenging the micro and macro systems in society. I recognize from writing this paper how my own understanding of intersectionality as a research framework for a study of disadvantaged groups has been enriched.

  • Confidentiality concerns were raised as a barrier to help seeking for suicidal ideation in three of the articles.
  • Excellent article better than other sites I’ve read and very eye-opening.
  • In 2015, I completed a Ph.D. study into the lived experiences of migrant Guyanese women, living in England, when seeking diagnoses and treatment for Type 2 diabetes.
  • They increased their knowledge and understanding about their diabetes and tried to take control of it by acquiring information although that was rather limited and fragmented.
  • Guyana is one of only 25 countries in the world that has a specific law for the punishment of a suicide attempt.

This would help identify potential gaps in diabetic provision currently invisible or inequitable resulting from interventions designed to meet the needs of a homogeneous White middle class society. Changes in legislation and policy expected health services to address inequalities (Department of Health Social Care, 2012; Marmot, 2013; Bircher and Kuruvilla, 2014) but did not do so for marginalized groups.

Intersectionality would have privileged the accounts from the Guyanese women in more detail and encouraged them in activism to bring about change in current practices. Implementing an intersectional approach to the data generation and analysis would have acknowledged power dynamics such as privilege and oppression.

More in Guyana News

Unlike its Asian counterparts, Guyana’s rice trade has not been set back by COVID-19. The Guyana Rice Development Board reported a 13 per cent increase in rice exports between January and May 2020 as compared to the corresponding period in 2019. Racial data is particularly fluid, according to a study of Guyanese teenagers by Natasha Warikoo, a Harvard doctoral student in sociology, because Guyanese find it confusing to identify themselves as Asian but are not white, black, or Hispanic either.

IRVING, Texas – ExxonMobil said today it made a new oil discovery offshore Guyana at the Yellowtail-1 well, marking the 13th discovery on the Stabroek Block. The discovery adds to the previously announced estimated recoverable resource of approximately 5.5 billion oil-equivalent barrels on the Stabroek Block.

Data extraction and synthesis

Diversity also encompasses where people are from, where they have lived, and their differences of thought and life experiences. Public-sector jobs followed ethnic lines, favoring the Afro-Guyanese. When the Indo-Guyanese-oriented PPP won the 1992 presidential election, the party did not draw Indo-Guyanese women into public-sector jobs. Low wages, job insecurity and lack of benefits defined the female workforce in 2001. Amerindian women are particularly disadvantaged, with economic and educational opportunities based on the coast .

More Indo-Guyanese women have deferred marriage since the 1970s, often to improve their chances for emigration through sponsorship or an overseas arranged marriage. Rice, the most widely consumed staple in the world, has been one of the central protagonists in the global food crisis caused by COVID-19. Three quarters of global rice exports, that originate in Asian countries such as India and Thailand, have been affected by supply chain disruptions and export reductions due to concerns around domestic food security and climate change-fuelled droughts. The resulting volatility has created market opportunities for smaller producers, such as the South American country of Guyana, to increase production to meet the growing demand. The women reflected on how connecting with the diaspora gave them the strength and impetus to change their lifestyle within the group sessions in the study.

Indeed, find more at the main man in the family is still unspoken, but modern families are becoming more and more progressive. Tanja LieuwThe need to create a level playing field and make up for gender and climate based inefficiencies is more critical now than ever before. The United Nations World Food Programme has projected that the crisis will almost double the amount of people faced with acute food insecurity by the end of 2020, to an estimated 265 million. Women also have significantly lower levels of land ownership than men. Even among households that are headed by female farmers, women typically have no title to their lands. This results in less access to land-based resources and income, such as water, financing and technology. The next section in this paper gives insight into the study including an overview that details the sample group, methodology, analysis, and findings.

Free Afro-Guyanese and those who had been emancipated sought to avoid the plantation system by establishing their own villages, pooling their money to purchase land for agriculture. This village movement was seen as a threat to the sugar estates which still needed labor, and the colonial government enacted laws which prevented the purchase of land. Denied a means of subsistence, the Afro-Guyanese moved into the hinterlands as pork-knocker miners or to urban areas for employment. On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title.

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